Size-Related Changes in Foot Impact Mechanics in Hoofed Mammals

Warner, Sharon Elaine, Pickering, Phillip, Panagiotopoulou, Olga, Pfau, Thilo, Ren, Lei and Hutchinson, John Richard (2013) Size-Related Changes in Foot Impact Mechanics in Hoofed Mammals. Plos One, 8 1: e54784.1-e54784.18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054784

Author Warner, Sharon Elaine
Pickering, Phillip
Panagiotopoulou, Olga
Pfau, Thilo
Ren, Lei
Hutchinson, John Richard
Title Size-Related Changes in Foot Impact Mechanics in Hoofed Mammals
Journal name Plos One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0054784
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 1
Start page e54784.1
End page e54784.18
Total pages 18
Place of publication San Francisco, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Language eng
Abstract Foot-ground impact is mechanically challenging for all animals, but how do large animals mitigate increased mass during foot impact? We hypothesized that impact force amplitude scales according to isometry in animals of increasing size through allometric scaling of related impact parameters. To test this, we measured limb kinetics and kinematics in 11 species of hoofed mammals ranging from 18–3157 kg body mass. We found impact force amplitude to be maintained proportional to size in hoofed mammals, but that other features of foot impact exhibit differential scaling patterns depending on the limb; forelimb parameters typically exhibit higher intercepts with lower scaling exponents than hind limb parameters. Our explorations of the size-related consequences of foot impact advance understanding of how body size influences limb morphology and function, foot design and locomotor behaviour.
Keyword Dynamic Similarity
Impulsive Forces
Animal Size
Limb Bones
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID BB/F01169/1
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Biomedical Sciences Publications
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