An investigation of prospective memory functions in people with traumatic brain injury using Virtual Week

Mioni, Giovanna, Rendell, Peter G., Henry, Julie D., Cantagallo, Anna and Stablum, Franca (2013) An investigation of prospective memory functions in people with traumatic brain injury using Virtual Week. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 35 6: 617-630. doi:10.1080/13803395.2013.804036

Author Mioni, Giovanna
Rendell, Peter G.
Henry, Julie D.
Cantagallo, Anna
Stablum, Franca
Title An investigation of prospective memory functions in people with traumatic brain injury using Virtual Week
Journal name Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1380-3395
Publication date 2013-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13803395.2013.804036
Open Access Status
Volume 35
Issue 6
Start page 617
End page 630
Total pages 14
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Subject 3203 Clinical Psychology
2808 Neurology
2728 Clinical Neurology
Abstract Prospective memory (PM) refers to memory for future intentions and is critically linked to independent living. Previous laboratory research has shown that people who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) have difficulties with PM, but few of these have used measures of PM that closely represent the types of PM activities that occur in everyday life. One measure that incorporates more ecologically valid tasks, and which also allows systematic investigation of different PM task parameters (regular, irregular, and event and time based), is Virtual Week. Consequently, in the present study, Virtual Week was administered to participants with TBI (n = 18) and demographically matched controls (n = 18). Consistent with considerable prior literature, the results indicated that people with TBI had significant difficulties executing PM tasks, with these deficits more pronounced for time-based than for event-based tasks. These data point to there being a relatively global PM deficit in people with TBI. Of particular interest was the finding that the magnitude of TBI impairment was consistent across regular and irregular tasks. Because the key distinction between these tasks is that they place low and high demands on retrospective memory, respectively, these data suggest that failures of retrospective memory are not the major cause of TBI-related impairment in PM. The implications of these results for the assessment and rehabilitation of PM impairment in people with TBI are discussed.
Keyword Prospective memory
Traumatic brain injury
Time based
Closed head injury
Working Memory
Clinical Neuropsychology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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