Focus on opportunities as a boundary condition of the relationship between job control and work engagement: A multi-sample, multi-method study

Schmitt, Antje, Zacher, Hannes and de Lange, Annet H. (2013) Focus on opportunities as a boundary condition of the relationship between job control and work engagement: A multi-sample, multi-method study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22 5: 505-519. doi:10.1080/1359432X.2012.698055


Author Schmitt, Antje
Zacher, Hannes
de Lange, Annet H.
Title Focus on opportunities as a boundary condition of the relationship between job control and work engagement: A multi-sample, multi-method study
Journal name European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1359-432X
1464-0643
Publication date 2013-10-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/1359432X.2012.698055
Volume 22
Issue 5
Start page 505
End page 519
Total pages 15
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 The concept of focus on opportunities describes how many new goals, options, and possibilities employees believe to have in their personal future at work. In this multi-sample, multi-method study, the authors investigated relationships between focus on opportunities and general and daily work engagement and the moderating role of focus on opportunities on between- and within-person relationships between job control and work engagement. Based on a social cognitive theory framework on the motivating potential of a future temporal focus, it was hypothesized that focus on opportunities is positively related to work engagement. Further, consistent with the notion of compensatory resources, it was expected that job control is not related to work engagement among employees with a high focus on opportunities, whereas job control, as an external resource of the work environment, is positively related to work engagement among employees with a low focus on opportunities. Both a cross-sectional survey study (N=174) and a daily diary study (N=64) supported the hypotheses. The study contributes to research on the job demands-resources model as it emphasizes the role of focus on opportunities as a motivational factor in the relationship between job control and work engagement.
Keyword Work engagement
Focus on opportunities
Job control
Daily diary study
Future Time Perspective
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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