The effect of persistent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on executive functions in preadolescent children witnessing a single incident of death

Park, Subin, Kim, Bung-Nyun, Choi, Nam-Hee, Ryu, Jong, McDermott, Brett, Cobham, Vanessa, Song, Sook-Hyung, Kim, Jae-Won, Shin, Min-Sup, Yoo, Hee-Jeong and Cho, Soo-Churl (2013) The effect of persistent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on executive functions in preadolescent children witnessing a single incident of death. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Published online 1-12. doi:10.1080/10615806.2013.853049

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Author Park, Subin
Kim, Bung-Nyun
Choi, Nam-Hee
Ryu, Jong
McDermott, Brett
Cobham, Vanessa
Song, Sook-Hyung
Kim, Jae-Won
Shin, Min-Sup
Yoo, Hee-Jeong
Cho, Soo-Churl
Title The effect of persistent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms on executive functions in preadolescent children witnessing a single incident of death
Journal name Anxiety, Stress and Coping   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1061-5806
1477-2205
Publication date 2013-11-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10615806.2013.853049
Volume Published online
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Formatted abstract
We compared executive functions (EFs) of traumatized preadolescent children with and without marked posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms to the performance of a nontraumatized control group, and examined the relationships between EF deficits and functional status in traumatized preadolescent children. Fifty-one preadolescent children who had witnessed a death at school 30 months prior (26 with marked PTSD symptoms and 25 without) and 30 healthy controls who had not been traumatized participated. EFs were examined using the Comprehensive Attention Test (CAT). The functional state of traumatized children was measured by the Parent Report Form-Children's Health and Illness Profile-Children's Edition (PRF-CHIP-CE). The traumatized children, regardless of status of PTSD symptomatology, showed poorer working memory performance than nontraumatized healthy controls. The traumatized children with marked PTSD symptoms performed more poorly on measures of interference control compared to those children without marked PTSD symptoms. Lower levels of EFs were associated with lower risk avoidance and diminished academic achievement in traumatized children. These results indicate that an inhibitory control deficit is specifically associated with the current PTSD symptoms but not with trauma exposure per se.
Keyword PTSD
Cognition
Function
Comprehensive attention test
Preadolescent children
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 05 Nov 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 15 Nov 2013, 20:25:06 EST by Dr Vanessa Cobham on behalf of Paediatrics & Child Health - Mater Hospital