Analysis of Progress Towards a Comprehensive System of Marine Protected Areas in Brazil

Magris, R. A., Mills, M., Fuentes, M. M. P. B. and Pressey, R. L. (2013) Analysis of Progress Towards a Comprehensive System of Marine Protected Areas in Brazil. Natureza & Conservacao, 11 1: 81-87. doi:10.4322/natcon.2013.013


Author Magris, R. A.
Mills, M.
Fuentes, M. M. P. B.
Pressey, R. L.
Title Analysis of Progress Towards a Comprehensive System of Marine Protected Areas in Brazil
Journal name Natureza & Conservacao
ISSN 1679-0073
Publication date 2013-07-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4322/natcon.2013.013
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Start page 81
End page 87
Total pages 7
Place of publication Parana, Brazil
Publisher Fundacao O Boticario de Protecao a Natureza
Language eng
Abstract Brazilian marine ecosystems face great threats while retaining outstanding biological features. A gap analysis was conducted to evaluate how well marine protected areas (MPAs) in Brazil meet conservation objectives for representation, connectivity, and risk-spreading. The performance of the MPAs was evaluated by overlaying maps of ecosystem and management and calculating the size of no-take areas and the distances between them. All objectives were far from fully attained. Currently, the protection of the marine environment is poor, with less than 1.9% of Brazil's marine jurisdiction within MPAs and 0.14% within no-take areas. Also, only 23% of the ecosystems met the minimal number of replicates required by the risk-spreading objective. More positively, just over half (51%) of the no-take areas are a desirable distance apart. Our study highlights that a systematic expansion of MPAs in Brazil is urgently needed to move toward an ecologically representative and functioning MPA system.
Formatted abstract
Brazilian marine ecosystems face great threats while retaining outstanding biological features. A gap analysis was conducted to evaluate how well marine protected areas (MPAs) in Brazil meet conservation objectives for representation, connectivity, and risk-spreading. The performance of the MPAs was evaluated by overlaying maps of ecosystem and management and calculating the size of no-take areas and the distances between them. All objectives were far from fully attained. Currently, the protection of the marine environment is poor, with less than 1.9% of Brazil’s marine jurisdiction within MPAs and 0.14% within no-take areas. Also, only 23% of the ecosystems met the minimal number of replicates required by the risk-spreading objective. More positively, just over half (51%) of the no-take areas are a desirable distance apart. Our study highlights that a systematic expansion of MPAs in Brazil is urgently needed to move toward an ecologically representative and functioning MPA system.
Keyword Systematic conservation planning
Biodiversity conservation
Marine conservation
Gap analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Global Change Institute Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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