The construct validation of the Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales of the South African Personality Inventory

Hill, Carin, French, Luan, Morton, Nadia, van de Vijver, Fons J. R., Valchev, Velichko H., Adams, Byron G. and de Bruin, Gideon P. (2013) The construct validation of the Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales of the South African Personality Inventory. South African Journal of Psychology, 43 2: 167-181. doi:10.1177/0081246313482628


Author Hill, Carin
French, Luan
Morton, Nadia
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Valchev, Velichko H.
Adams, Byron G.
de Bruin, Gideon P.
Title The construct validation of the Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales of the South African Personality Inventory
Journal name South African Journal of Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0081-2463
2078-208X
Publication date 2013-06-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0081246313482628
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 43
Issue 2
Start page 167
End page 181
Total pages 15
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Abstract This study forms part of the South African Personality Inventory project that aims to develop: (a) an indigenous theoretical model of personality; and (b) a unique personality measure that is in line with South African legislation and that can be used fairly to assess personality across different South African language and cultural groups. In line with this mandate, the objectives in this study were twofold: first, to validate the Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales of the South African Personality Inventory and to determine whether these constructs are unique and distinct from the Big Five personality factors, and second, to determine whether Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness are predictive of an external criterion, prosocial behaviour. A quantitative, cross-sectional research design with convenience sampling was used. Data were gathered from students (N = 431) at two tertiary institutions in South Africa, using preliminary Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales, the Basic Traits Inventory (Short form: Research Version), and the Prosocialness Scale. Results indicated that the Relationship Harmony and Soft-Heartedness Scales yielded five and six reliable factors, respectively, and presented good content, convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity, adding substantial predictive value for prosocial behaviour over and above the Big Five Model.
Keyword Five-Factor Model
Personality assessment
Prosocial behaviour
Relationship Harmony
Soft-Heartedness
South African Personality Inventory
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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