The influence of North Korean political ideologies on the integration of North Korean defectors in South Korea

Lee, Dongbae (2013) The influence of North Korean political ideologies on the integration of North Korean defectors in South Korea. Studia Orientalia Electronica, 1 3: 1-20. doi:10.1007/s10519-014-9648-8

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Author Lee, Dongbae
Title The influence of North Korean political ideologies on the integration of North Korean defectors in South Korea
Journal name Studia Orientalia Electronica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2323-5209
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10519-014-9648-8
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 1
Issue 3
Start page 1
End page 20
Total pages 20
Place of publication Helsinki, Finland
Publisher Suomen Itamainen Seura
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This paper investigates how the political socialisation of North Korean defectors (NKDs) in North Korea affects their adjustment in South Korea. This project is based on a survey of 106 NKDs and interviews with some of the respondents and South Koreans who help NKDs. An account is given of the history and resettlement of NKDs in South Korea, including the difficulties they experience. Furthermore, the paper describes the political ideology of self-reliance (Juche) and heavily monitored lives to which NKDs have been exposed in North Korea.

The research finds that resettlement can be significantly affected by self-reliance ideology and heavily monitored lives. When NKDs in South Korea realised the deceptive reality of self-reliance ideology, they adjusted better than those who maintained the Juche point of view. Being brain-washed by Kim Jong-il’s regime caused NKDs to develop distrust and become individualistic. Due to having antipathy and hatred towards their enemies, they were inclined to be critical, aggressive, and negative towards South Koreans. Many also held a Manichean mindset and tended to avoid attending seminars and training meetings. The negative influences of their former lives in North Korea have generally had a great effect on their resettlement in South Korea.
Keyword Behavioral Sciences
Genetics & Heredity
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Behavioral Sciences
Genetics & Heredity
Psychology
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
GENETICS & HEREDITY
PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 241944
A7960034
QLG2-CT-2002-01254
AA07535
SES-1047687
P2008-0072:1
E9/11
2006-1623
2009-1713
NWO 480-05-003
5R25DA026119
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 17 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 15 Oct 2013, 01:55:34 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures