The Queensland house: local idiom

Wilson, Andrew (2013). The Queensland house: local idiom. In: Professor Mitsuyasu Kato, Exploring Human Sciences: Leading Graduate Schools International Conference. Tsukuba Global Science Week 2013, Tsukuba, Japan, (52-52). 2-4 October, 2013.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Wilson, Andrew
Title of paper The Queensland house: local idiom
Conference name Exploring Human Sciences: Leading Graduate Schools International Conference. Tsukuba Global Science Week 2013
Conference location Tsukuba, Japan
Conference dates 2-4 October, 2013
Place of Publication Tsukuba, Japan
Publisher University of Tsukuba
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Published abstract
Editor Professor Mitsuyasu Kato
Start page 52
End page 52
Total pages 1
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
As a type, the Queensland House is a relatively recent phenomenon that appeared in the first half of the nineteenth century, a local idiom that is found across Queensland and Northern New South Wales in Australia. It reflects the timber industry’s success over the brick industry, politically in the State and the abundance of hardwood and softwood timber that was relentlessly exploited by the British colonists along the coast of Queensland, particularly in Southeast Queensland and Northern New South Wales. Although there are variations of the type, it is interesting that it can be found in country areas, particularly along the coast and in towns and cities. In the middle of the twentieth century, Brisbane, the capital of Queensland was a field of detached timber Queensland houses.

The Queenslander is arguably the strongest vernacular tradition in Australia notwithstanding aboriginal shelters that influenced the first structures built in the new British colony. There are house and cottage variations. Timber sawmillers like James Campbell and Sons developed prefabricated house systems that could be bought from their Redicut House Catalogue, and transported by rail across the State as a stacked kit of parts.

Typical characteristics include use of logs or stumps as foundations, that provided storage space under the house. Other characteristics include the raised platform, verandas, corrugated iron roof, and potential for additions over time and changes of use within the house, including enclosing verandas to become bedrooms, kitchens or extensions to living spaces. Building on stumps allowed for the possibility of moving the house to another location. The Queenslander can be a simple form or accretion of parts. In some cases toilets, bathrooms and kitchens were initially located in separate pavilions outside and incorporated into the house at a later date.
Keyword Queensland House
Vernacular architecture -- Queensland
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Invited presentation in the Art and Ecology session of this conference.

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Created: Fri, 11 Oct 2013, 10:40:40 EST by Mr Andrew Wilson on behalf of School of Architecture