Violence per ounce: is there a correlation between mineral values and conflict intensity?

Bond, C. J., Shi, M. and Kirsch, P. (2013). Violence per ounce: is there a correlation between mineral values and conflict intensity?. In: 23rd World Mining Congress 2013 Proceedings. 23rd World Mining Congress, Montreal, Canada, (). 11-15 August 2013.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Bond, C. J.
Shi, M.
Kirsch, P.
Title of paper Violence per ounce: is there a correlation between mineral values and conflict intensity?
Conference name 23rd World Mining Congress
Conference location Montreal, Canada
Conference dates 11-15 August 2013
Proceedings title 23rd World Mining Congress 2013 Proceedings
Place of Publication Montreal, Canada
Publisher Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9781926872155
Total pages 11
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Despite the fact that mined minerals and gemstones have allowed human beings to continuously improve their standard of living throughout the ages, mining has also been implicated in violent conflict for two principle reasons. The first is that mineral resources have been used or traded to conduct or finance violent conflict from small to large scales. The second is the substantial social, economic and environmental changes that occur in a community or a region as a result of mining activity which can either precipitate or re-awaken latent conflict. A modern complication of mining-related violent conflict is the trend for activists, international NGOs and intergovernmental organisations (e.g. the United Nations) to regard any human consequences of resource extraction in terms of Human Rights violations. Acknowledging but not labouring the Human Rights implications of mining-related violent conflict, this paper explores whether or not there is a relationship between the actual or perceived value of mineral resources and the level of violence that occurs in mining-related conflicts. Key to the investigation is a mapping exercise of mining related conflict from 2005 – 2012: to see where mining related conflict is happening; to identify precipitant causes of mining related conflict; and, to discover what correlation – if any – there might be in the degree of violence and the value of the mineral(s) implicated. Findings of the analysis are presented in this conference paper.
Keyword Mining-related violence
Conflict minerals
Mineral value
Human rights
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Fri, 11 Oct 2013, 01:40:46 EST by Philipp Kirsch on behalf of Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre