Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China data from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey 2002

Wu, Yangfeng, Huxley, Rachel, Li, Liming, Anna, Vibeke, Xie, Gaoqiang, Yao, Chonghua, Woodward, Mark, Li, Xian, Chalmers, John, Gao, Runlin, Kong, Lingzhi and Yang, Xiaoguang (2008) Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China data from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey 2002. Circulation, 118 25: 2679-2686. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.788166


Author Wu, Yangfeng
Huxley, Rachel
Li, Liming
Anna, Vibeke
Xie, Gaoqiang
Yao, Chonghua
Woodward, Mark
Li, Xian
Chalmers, John
Gao, Runlin
Kong, Lingzhi
Yang, Xiaoguang
Title Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China data from the China National Nutrition and Health Survey 2002
Journal name Circulation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-7322
1524-4539
Publication date 2008-12-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.788166
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 118
Issue 25
Start page 2679
End page 2686
Total pages 8
Place of publication Baltimore, MD United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The present article aims to provide accurate estimates of the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults in China.

Methods and Results
-Data were obtained from sphygmomanometer measurements and an administered questionnaire from 141 892 Chinese adults ≥18 years of age who participated in the 2002 China National Nutrition and Health Survey. In 2002, ≈153 million Chinese adults were hypertensive. The prevalence was higher among men than women (20% versus 17%; P<0.001) and was higher in successive age groups. Overall, the prevalence of hypertension was higher in urban compared with rural areas in men (23% versus 18%; P<0.01) and women (18% versus 16%; P<0.001). Of the 24% affected individuals who were aware of their condition, 78% were treated and 19% were adequately controlled. Despite evidence to suggest improved levels of treatment in individuals with hypertension over the past decade, compared with estimates from 1991, the ratio of controlled to treated hypertension has remained largely unchanged at 1:4.

Conclusions-One in 6 Chinese adults is hypertensive, but only one quarter are aware of their condition. Despite increased rates of blood pressure-lowering treatment, few have their hypertension effectively controlled. National hypertension programs must focus on improving awareness in the wider community, as well as treatment and control, to prevent many tens of thousands of cardiovascular-related deaths
Keyword Awareness
China
Hypertension
Prevalence
Prevention and control
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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