Changing patterns of carnivore modification in a landscape bone assemblage, Amboseli Park, Kenya

Faith, J. Tyler and Behrensmeyer, Anna K. (2006) Changing patterns of carnivore modification in a landscape bone assemblage, Amboseli Park, Kenya. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33 12: 1718-1733. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2006.03.004


Author Faith, J. Tyler
Behrensmeyer, Anna K.
Title Changing patterns of carnivore modification in a landscape bone assemblage, Amboseli Park, Kenya
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
1095-9238
Publication date 2006-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2006.03.004
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 33
Issue 12
Start page 1718
End page 1733
Total pages 16
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract This study compares the landscape-scale taphonomic signal of carnivore modification to the surficial bone assemblage in Amboseli Park, Kenya as it was in 1975 and 2002-2004. Change in predator abundances over time provides a means of assessing the taphonomic signal of carnivore-mediated bone consumption and destruction under differing ecological conditions and varying levels of conspecific competition for resources. The landscape assemblage indicates taxonomic variation in the patterning of carnivore modification to ungulates of different size classes as well as within equivalent size classes. Analyses of long bone elements indicate that the differential destruction of limb ends and the strength of the correlation between limb end abundance and bone mineral density provide an indication of the intensity of carnivore modification to a faunal assemblage. The ability to infer levels of carnivore modification based on limb elements can provide faunal analysts with the tools to determine whether the taphonomic signals in the fossil record relate to carnivore modification, hominin transport of appendicular elements, or both.
Keyword Taphonomy
Carnivore modification
Carnivore competition
Bone mineral density
Hominin transport
Amboseli
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 50 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 51 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 12 Sep 2013, 02:55:39 EST by Tyler Faith on behalf of School of Social Science