Beyond the Levant: first evidence of a pre-pottery Neolithic incursion into the Nefud Desert, Saudi Arabia

Crassard, Remy, Petraglia, Michael D., Parker, Adrian G., Parton, Ash, Roberts, Richard G., Jacobs, Zenobia, Alsharekh, Abdullah, Al-Omari, Abdulaziz, Breeze, Paul, Drake, Nick A., Groucutt, Huw S., Jennings, Richard, Regagnon, Emmanuelle and Shipton, Ceri (2013) Beyond the Levant: first evidence of a pre-pottery Neolithic incursion into the Nefud Desert, Saudi Arabia. PLoS One, 8 7: e68061.1-e68061.20. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068061


Author Crassard, Remy
Petraglia, Michael D.
Parker, Adrian G.
Parton, Ash
Roberts, Richard G.
Jacobs, Zenobia
Alsharekh, Abdullah
Al-Omari, Abdulaziz
Breeze, Paul
Drake, Nick A.
Groucutt, Huw S.
Jennings, Richard
Regagnon, Emmanuelle
Shipton, Ceri
Title Beyond the Levant: first evidence of a pre-pottery Neolithic incursion into the Nefud Desert, Saudi Arabia
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2013-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0068061
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 7
Start page e68061.1
End page e68061.20
Total pages 20
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Abstract Pre-Pottery Neolithic assemblages are best known from the fertile areas of the Mediterranean Levant. The archaeological site of Jebel Qattar 101 (JQ-101), at Jubbah in the southern part of the Nefud Desert of northern Saudi Arabia, contains a large collection of stone tools, adjacent to an Early Holocene palaeolake. The stone tool assemblage contains lithic types, including El-Khiam and Helwan projectile points, which are similar to those recorded in Pre-Pottery Neolithic A and Pre-Pottery Neolithic B assemblages in the Fertile Crescent. Jebel Qattar lies ∼500 kilometres outside the previously identified geographic range of Pre-Pottery Neolithic cultures. Technological analysis of the typologically diagnostic Jebel Qattar 101 projectile points indicates a unique strategy to manufacture the final forms, thereby raising the possibility of either direct migration of Levantine groups or the acculturation of mobile communities in Arabia. The discovery of the Early Holocene site of Jebel Qattar suggests that our view of the geographic distribution and character of Pre-Pottery Neolithic cultures may be in need of revision.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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