The role of history vs. demography in shaping genetic population structure across an ecotone: chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) as a case study

Randi, E., Tabarroni, C. and Kark, S. (2006) The role of history vs. demography in shaping genetic population structure across an ecotone: chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) as a case study. Diversity and Distributions, 12 6: 714-724. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2006.00261.x


Author Randi, E.
Tabarroni, C.
Kark, S.
Title The role of history vs. demography in shaping genetic population structure across an ecotone: chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) as a case study
Journal name Diversity and Distributions   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1366-9516
Publication date 2006-11-01
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2006.00261.x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 6
Start page 714
End page 724
Total pages 11
Place of publication HOBOKEN
Publisher WILEY-BLACKWELL
Language eng
Abstract Recent advances in molecular ecology allow better assessment of the role of ecological and evolutionary processes in determining the dynamics of genetic diversity in natural populations. The chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) is abundant and continuously distributed in the mesic Mediterranean regions of Israel, becoming scarce and patchily distributed in the arid Negev Desert. This demographic transition occurs across a main environmental transition, the Northern Negev ecotone. Populations of chukars along this gradient have been shown to differ from other populations in morphology, bilateral asymmetry, and in allozyme variation. The aim of this study is to infer whether historical (i. e. secondary contact of formerly vicariant populations) or recurrent demographic events (i.e. restriction to gene flow across the ecotone) have shaped the observed patterns of genetic diversity in chukar populations in Israel. We analysed mtDNA control-region sequences in 216 chukars collected from 28 localities (five distinct geographical regions). Results show that (1) average haplotype diversity is high (h = 0.93) while haplotype divergence is low (pi = 0.8%), suggesting that extant populations diversified recently; (2) mtDNA gene diversity does not significantly differ across the distribution range; and (3) haplotype distribution differs among the sampling locations (AMOVA; P < 0.00031). Mantel test and autocorrelation analyses indicate that isolation-by-distance may explain the geographical partitioning of genetic diversity. These patterns have likely been produced by complex dynamics between past fragmentation of northern vs. intermediate and southern populations. Late Pleistocene climatic changes, fostering cycles of range contraction and expansion, may have led to genetic differentiation in allopatry, followed by restricted gene flow across secondary contact zones.
Keyword Alectoris chukar
chukar partridge
ecotone
environmental transition
mtDNA control-region
Dna Sequence Variation
Fluctuating Asymmetry
Distribution Range
Diversity
Israel
Flow
Mitochondrial
Hypothesis
Patterns
Differentiation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: ResearcherID Downloads - Archived
 
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