Conceptual distance and word learning: patterns of acquisition in Samoan-English bilingual children

Hemsley, Gayle, Holm, Alison and Dodd, Barbara (2013) Conceptual distance and word learning: patterns of acquisition in Samoan-English bilingual children. Journal of Child Language, 40 4: 799-820. doi:10.1017/S0305000912000293


Author Hemsley, Gayle
Holm, Alison
Dodd, Barbara
Title Conceptual distance and word learning: patterns of acquisition in Samoan-English bilingual children
Journal name Journal of Child Language   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-0009
1469-7602
Publication date 2013-09-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0305000912000293
Volume 40
Issue 4
Start page 799
End page 820
Total pages 22
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This study investigated cross-linguistic influence in acquisition of a second lexicon, evaluating Samoan–English sequentially bilingual children (initial mean age 4 ; 9) during their first 18 months of school. Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary tasks evaluated acquisition of four word types: cognates, matched nouns, phrasal nouns and holonyms. Each word type had varying phonological and conceptual difference between Samoan (L) and English (L). Results highlighted conceptual distance between L and L as a key factor in L lexical acquisition. The children acquired L lexical items earlier if their conceptual representation was similar to that of L. Words with greater conceptual distance between L and L emerged more slowly. This suggests that L knowledge influences L lexical consolidation for sequential bilinguals. Words that require a conceptual shift from L take longer to consolidate and strengthen within the L lexicon.
Keyword Language
Cognate
Representation
Comprehension
Preschoolers
Category
L1
L2
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Online publication August 01 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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