Electromyographic analysis of pedaling: A review

Hug, Francois and Dorel, Sylvain (2009) Electromyographic analysis of pedaling: A review. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 19 2: 182-198. doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2007.10.010

Author Hug, Francois
Dorel, Sylvain
Title Electromyographic analysis of pedaling: A review
Journal name Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1050-6411
Publication date 2009-04-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.jelekin.2007.10.010
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 19
Issue 2
Start page 182
End page 198
Total pages 17
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Although pedaling is constrained by the circular trajectory of the pedals, it is not a simple movement. This review attempts to provide an overview of the pedaling technique using an electromyographic (EMG) approach. Literature concerning the electromyographic analysis of pedaling is reviewed in an effort to make a synthesis of the available information, and to point out its relevance for researchers, clinicians and/or cycling/triathlon trainers. The first part of the review depicts methodological aspects of the EMG signal recording and processing. We show how the pattern of muscle activation during pedaling can be analyzed in terms of muscle activity level and muscle activation timing. Muscle activity level is generally quantified with root mean square or integrated EMG values. Muscle activation timing is studied by defining EMG signal onset and offset times that identify the duration of EMG bursts and, more recently, by the determination of a lag time maximizing the cross-correlation coefficient. In the second part of the review, we describe whether the patterns of the lower limb muscles activity are influenced by numerous factors affecting pedaling such as power output, pedaling rate, body position, shoe-pedal interface, training status and fatigue. Some research perspectives linked to pedaling performance are discussed throughout the manuscript and in the conclusion.
Keyword Cycling
Professional Road Cyclists
Lower Limb Muscles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 104 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 29 Aug 2013, 02:46:25 EST by Francois Hug on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences