Source levels of social sounds in migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)

Dunlop, Rebecca A., Cato, Douglas H., Noad, Michael J. and Stokes, Dale M. (2013) Source levels of social sounds in migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134 1: 706-714. doi:10.1121/1.4807828

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Author Dunlop, Rebecca A.
Cato, Douglas H.
Noad, Michael J.
Stokes, Dale M.
Title Source levels of social sounds in migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)
Formatted title
Source levels of social sounds in migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)
Journal name Journal of the Acoustical Society of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4966
Publication date 2013-07-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1121/1.4807828
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 134
Issue 1
Start page 706
End page 714
Total pages 9
Place of publication Melville, NY, United States
Publisher A I P Publishing LLC
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The source level of an animal sound is important in communication, since it affects the distance over which the sound is audible. Several measurements of source levels of whale sounds have been reported, but the accuracy of many is limited because the distance to the source and the acoustic transmission loss were estimated rather than measured. This paper presents measurements of source levels of social sounds (surface-generated and vocal sounds) of humpback whales from a sample of 998 sounds recorded from 49 migrating humpback whale groups. Sources were localized using a wide baseline five hydrophone array and transmission loss was measured for the site. Social vocalization source levels were found to range from 123 to 183 dB re 1 μPa @ 1 m with a median of 158 dB re 1 μPa @ 1 m. Source levels of surface-generated social sounds (“breaches” and “slaps”) were narrower in range (133 to 171 dB re 1 μPa @ 1 m) but slightly higher in level (median of 162 dB re 1 μPa @ 1 m) compared to vocalizations. The data suggest that group composition has an effect on group vocalization source levels in that singletons and mother-calf-singing escort groups tend to vocalize at higher levels compared to other group compositions.
Keyword Songs
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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