Couples coping with multiple sclerosis: a dyadic perspective on the roles of mindfulness and acceptance

Pakenham, Kenneth I. and Samios, Christina (2013) Couples coping with multiple sclerosis: a dyadic perspective on the roles of mindfulness and acceptance. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 36 4: 389-400. doi:10.1007/s10865-012-9434-0


Author Pakenham, Kenneth I.
Samios, Christina
Title Couples coping with multiple sclerosis: a dyadic perspective on the roles of mindfulness and acceptance
Journal name Journal of Behavioral Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0160-7715
1573-3521
Publication date 2013-08-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10865-012-9434-0
Open Access Status
Volume 36
Issue 4
Start page 389
End page 400
Total pages 12
Place of publication Springer New York
Publisher United States
Language eng
Abstract This study investigated the roles of mindfulness and acceptance on adjustment in couples coping with multiple sclerosis (MS) by examining the effects of an individual's mindfulness and acceptance on their own adjustment (actor effects) and the effects of their partner's mindfulness and acceptance on their adjustment (partner effects) using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. The study was a cross-sectional standard dyadic design that collected data from couples coping with MS. Sixty-nine couples completed measures of mindfulness, acceptance and adjustment (depression, anxiety, life satisfaction, positive affect and relationship satisfaction). As hypothesised there were actor effects of mindfulness and acceptance on better adjustment, however, the beneficial actor effects of mindfulness were only evident on depression and anxiety. The actor effects of both mindfulness and acceptance on relationship satisfaction were moderated by MS status. Regarding partner effects, there was support for the beneficial impact of acceptance on partner relationship satisfaction. In addition, the partner effect of acceptance moderated the actor effect of acceptance on depression, such that the actor effect on lower depression was weaker when the partner reported high acceptance. Findings support the roles of mindfulness and acceptance in shaping individual and dyadic adjustment in couples coping with chronic illness.
Formatted abstract
This study investigated the roles of mindfulness and acceptance on adjustment in couples coping with multiple sclerosis (MS) by examining the effects of an individual’s mindfulness and acceptance on their own adjustment (actor effects) and the effects of their partner’s mindfulness and acceptance on their adjustment (partner effects) using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. The study was a cross-sectional standard dyadic design that collected data from couples coping with MS. Sixty-nine couples completed measures of mindfulness, acceptance and adjustment (depression, anxiety, life satisfaction, positive affect and relationship satisfaction). As hypothesised there were actor effects of mindfulness and acceptance on better adjustment, however, the beneficial actor effects of mindfulness were only evident on depression and anxiety. The actor effects of both mindfulness and acceptance on relationship satisfaction were moderated by MS status. Regarding partner effects, there was support for the beneficial impact of acceptance on partner relationship satisfaction. In addition, the partner effect of acceptance moderated the actor effect of acceptance on depression, such that the actor effect on lower depression was weaker when the partner reported high acceptance. Findings support the roles of mindfulness and acceptance in shaping individual and dyadic adjustment in couples coping with chronic illness.
Keyword Mindfulness
Acceptance
Couples
Quality of life
Dyadic coping
Multiple sclerosis
Quality-of-life
Stress reduction intervention
Randomized controlled-trial
Psychological adjustment
Contextual perspective
Dimensional structure
Negative adjustment
Commitment therapy
Cancer patients
Chronic pain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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