A systematic review of telemedicine services for residents in long term care facilities

Edirippulige, Sisira, Martin-Khan, Melinda, Beattie, Elizabeth, Smith, Anthony C. and Gray, Leonard C. (2013) A systematic review of telemedicine services for residents in long term care facilities. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 19 3: 127-132. doi:10.1177/1357633X13483256

Author Edirippulige, Sisira
Martin-Khan, Melinda
Beattie, Elizabeth
Smith, Anthony C.
Gray, Leonard C.
Title A systematic review of telemedicine services for residents in long term care facilities
Journal name Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1357-633X
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1357633X13483256
Volume 19
Issue 3
Start page 127
End page 132
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Abstract We conducted a systematic review of the literature on telemedicine use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and assessed the quality of the published evidence. A database search identified 22 papers which met the inclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was assessed and if they contained economic data, they were rated according to standard criteria. The clinical services provided by telemedicine included allied health (n ¼ 5), dermatology (3), general practice (4), neurology (2), geriatrics (1), psychiatry (4) and multiple specialities (3). Most studies (17) employed real-time telemedicine using videoconferencing. The remaining five used store and forward telemedicine. The papers focused on economics (3), feasibility (9), stakeholder satisfaction (12), reliability (5) and service implementation (2). Overall, the quality of evidence for telemedicine in LTCFs was low. There was only one small randomised controlled trial (RCT). Most studies were observational and qualitative, and focused on utilisation. They were mainly based on surveys and interviews of stakeholders. A few studies evaluated the cost associated with implementing telemedicine services in LTCFs. The present review shows that there is evidence for feasibility and stakeholder satisfaction in using telemedicine in LTCFs in a number of clinical specialities.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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