Environmental genomics reveals a single-species ecosystem deep within earth

Chivian, Dylan, Brodie, Eoin L., Alm, Eric J., Culley, David E., Dehal, Paramvir S., DeSantis, Todd Z., Gihring, Thomas M., Lapidus, Alla, Lin, Li-Hung, Lowry, Stephen R., Moser, Duane P., Richardson, Paul M., Southam, Gordon, Wanger, Greg, Pratt, Lisa M., Andersen, Gary L., Hazen, Terry C., Brockman, Fred J., Arkin, Adam P. and Onstott, Tullis C. (2008) Environmental genomics reveals a single-species ecosystem deep within earth. Science, 322 5899: 275-278. doi:10.1126/science.1155495

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Author Chivian, Dylan
Brodie, Eoin L.
Alm, Eric J.
Culley, David E.
Dehal, Paramvir S.
DeSantis, Todd Z.
Gihring, Thomas M.
Lapidus, Alla
Lin, Li-Hung
Lowry, Stephen R.
Moser, Duane P.
Richardson, Paul M.
Southam, Gordon
Wanger, Greg
Pratt, Lisa M.
Andersen, Gary L.
Hazen, Terry C.
Brockman, Fred J.
Arkin, Adam P.
Onstott, Tullis C.
Title Environmental genomics reveals a single-species ecosystem deep within earth
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
Publication date 2008-10-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1126/science.1155495
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 322
Issue 5899
Start page 275
End page 278
Total pages 4
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 DNA from low-biodiversity fracture water collected at 2.8-kilometer depth in a South African gold mine was sequenced and assembled into a single, complete genome. This bacterium, Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator, composes >99.9% of the microorganisms inhabiting the fluid phase of this particular fracture. Its genome indicates a motile, sporulating, sulfate-reducing, chemoautotrophic thermophile that can fix its own nitrogen and carbon by using machinery shared with archaea. Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator is capable of an independent life-style well suited to long-term isolation from the photosphere deep within Earth's crust and offers an example of a natural ecosystem that appears to have its biological component entirely encoded within a single genome.
Keyword Community Structure
South Africa
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID DE-AC02-05CH11231
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Earth Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 184 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 200 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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