Low-speed vehicle run over fatalities in Australian children aged 05 years

Anthikkat, Anne Paul, Page, Andrew and Barker, Ruth (2013) Low-speed vehicle run over fatalities in Australian children aged 05 years. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 49 5: 388-393. doi:10.1111/jpc.12188


Author Anthikkat, Anne Paul
Page, Andrew
Barker, Ruth
Title Low-speed vehicle run over fatalities in Australian children aged 05 years
Journal name Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1034-4810
1440-1754
Publication date 2013-05-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jpc.12188
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 49
Issue 5
Start page 388
End page 393
Total pages 6
Place of publication West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim The study aims to investigate environmental, socio-demographic and other antecedent risk factors associated with low-speed vehicle run over (LSVRO) mortality in Australian children aged 0-5 years.

Methods This is a population-based retrospective case series study of Australian LSVRO mortality, July 2000-December 2010. Main Outcome Measures Mortality and corresponding population data were stratified by sex and period to examine trends in incidence rates over the study period. Proportional mortality was also investigated by sex, age, period, area, location of injury, mechanism and other antecedent factors identified from textual coronial information.

Results There were 82 fatal LSVRO cases over the 11-year study period. The annual incidence was low (less than 1 per 100 000) and declined over the study period. More than three-quarters of incidents occurred in non-traffic settings, in particular residential driveways. The most common vehicle involved was a four-wheel drive or utility with vehicles most likely to be reversing or leaving at the time of the incident. More than three-quarters of cases were aged 36 months or less. A higher proportion of LSVRO fatalities occurred in lower socio-economic status areas compared with higher socio-economic status areas. Where the vehicle was actively being driven (77 cases), the driver was known to the child in three-quarters of cases, most commonly the father (32%).

Conclusion
The study provides a detailed analysis of mortality due to LSVRO incidents in Australia and highlights a number of modifiable antecedent factors. Precedents for the identification and reporting of LSVRO incidents as well as prevention strategies are discussed
Keyword Backover
Death
Driveway
Low speed
Paediatric
Vehicle
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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