Synchronous extinction of North America's Pleistocene mammals

Faith, J. Tyler and Surovell, Todd A. (2009) Synchronous extinction of North America's Pleistocene mammals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106 49: 20641-20645. doi:10.1073/pnas.0908153106

Author Faith, J. Tyler
Surovell, Todd A.
Title Synchronous extinction of North America's Pleistocene mammals
Journal name Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0027-8424
Publication date 2009-12-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1073/pnas.0908153106
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 106
Issue 49
Start page 20641
End page 20645
Total pages 5
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The late Pleistocene witnessed the extinction of 35 genera of North American mammals. The last appearance dates of 16 of these genera securely fall between 12,000 and 10,000 radiocarbon years ago (≈13,800-11,400 calendar years B.P.), although whether the absence of fossil occurrences for the remaining 19 genera from this time interval is the result of sampling error or temporally staggered extinctions is unclear. Analysis of the chronology of extinctions suggests that sampling error can explain the absence of terminal Pleistocene last appearance dates for the remaining 19 genera. The extinction chronology of North American Pleistocene mammals therefore can be characterized as a synchronous event that took place 12,000-10,000 radiocarbon years B.P. Results favor an extinction mechanism that is capable of wiping out up to 35 genera across a continent in a geologic instant.
Keyword Climate change
Extraterrestrial impact
Quaternary extinctions
radiocarbon dates
Megafaunal Extinctions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 77 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 86 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 29 May 2013, 00:31:12 EST by Tyler Faith on behalf of School of Social Science