Toward a global understanding of students who participate in rural primary care longitudinal integrated clerkships: considering personality across 2 continents

Eley, Diann S., Brook, Kathleen D., Zink, Therese and Cloninger, C. Robert (2014) Toward a global understanding of students who participate in rural primary care longitudinal integrated clerkships: considering personality across 2 continents. Journal of Rural Health, 30 2: 164-174. doi:10.1111/jrh.12039


Author Eley, Diann S.
Brook, Kathleen D.
Zink, Therese
Cloninger, C. Robert
Title Toward a global understanding of students who participate in rural primary care longitudinal integrated clerkships: considering personality across 2 continents
Journal name Journal of Rural Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0890-765X
1748-0361
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jrh.12039
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 30
Issue 2
Start page 164
End page 174
Total pages 11
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: Medical schools worldwide have developed rural primary care immersive experiences to nurture students' interest in future rural careers and address workforce shortages. Few studies have looked at the students who participate in these programs. This study explores personality traits in US and Australian students who undertake rural-focused medical training.

Methods: A cross-sectional cohort design used the Temperament and Character Inventory to identify levels of the 7 basic dimensions of personality. Data were collected in successive cohorts over 2007-2011. Multivariate analysis compared trait levels between groups and by demographic variables.

Findings: The majority of the 302 students (US-167; Australia-135) were female, aged 20-29 years and single. A greater proportion of US students reported being partnered, living longest in a small rural/remote community and having a rural background. Significant differences between groups were detected in several traits but effect sizes were small. The personality pattern of the combined sample indicates students with a mature and stable personality high in Self-Directedness, Persistence, and Cooperativeness. Rural background and marital status enhanced this pattern.

Conclusions: Despite coming from different educational and societal backgrounds, similar personality patterns are evident in US and Australian students who pursue rural medical education. Data provide support for a pattern of traits associated with a rural background and its predictive influence on interest in rural practice. Considering the international expansion of rural longitudinal integrated clerkships, understanding student attributes may assist in identifying strategies to enhance the rural workforce that are relevant across cultures and continents.
Keyword Longitudinal integrated clerkships
Medical students
Personality
Rural primary care
Rural-focused curriculum
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 29 JUL 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 05 May 2013, 21:15:10 EST by Diann Eley on behalf of School of Medicine