Ecosystem-based adaptation in marine ecosystems of tropical Oceania in response to climate change

Grantham, H. S., McLeod, E., Brooks, A., Jupiter, S. D., Hardcastle, J., Richardson, A. J., Poloczanska, E. S., Hills, T., Mieszkowska, N., Klein, C. J. and Watson, J. E. M. (2011) Ecosystem-based adaptation in marine ecosystems of tropical Oceania in response to climate change. Pacific Conservation Biology, 17 3: 241-258. doi:10.1071/PC110241

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Author Grantham, H. S.
McLeod, E.
Brooks, A.
Jupiter, S. D.
Hardcastle, J.
Richardson, A. J.
Poloczanska, E. S.
Hills, T.
Mieszkowska, N.
Klein, C. J.
Watson, J. E. M.
Title Ecosystem-based adaptation in marine ecosystems of tropical Oceania in response to climate change
Journal name Pacific Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1038-2097
Publication date 2011-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/PC110241
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 17
Issue 3
Start page 241
End page 258
Total pages 18
Place of publication Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia
Publisher Surrey Beatty & Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Tropical Oceania, including Melanesia, Polynesia, Micronesia and northern Australia, is one of the most biodiverse regions of the world. Climate change impacts have already occurred in the region and will become one of the greatest threats to biodiversity and people. Climate projections indicate that sea levels will rise in many places but not uniformly. Islands will warm and annual rainfall will increase and exhibit strong decadal variations. Increases in global atmospheric CO2 concentration are causing ocean acidification, compromising the ability of organisms such as corals to maintain their calcium carbonate skeletons. We discuss these climate threats and their implications for the biodiversity of several ecosystems (coral reefs, seagrass and mangroves) in the region. We highlight current adaptation approaches designed to address these threats, including efforts to integrate ecosystem and community-based approaches. Finally, we identify guiding principles for developing effective ecosystem-based adaptation strategies. Despite broad differences in governance and social systems within the region, particularly between Australia and the rest of the Pacific, threats and planning objectives are similar. Ensuring community awareness and participation are essential everywhere. The science underpinning ecosystem-based adaptation strategies is in its infancy but there is great opportunity for communicating approaches and lessons learnt between developing and developed nations in tropical Oceania.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mathematics and Physics
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Created: Wed, 17 Apr 2013, 22:38:12 EST by Dr Anthony Richardson on behalf of Mathematics