Multipurpose agroforestry as a climate change resiliency option for farmers: an example of local adaptation in Vietnam

Nguyen, Quan, Hoang, Minh Ha, Oborn, Ingrid and Noordwijk, Meine (2013) Multipurpose agroforestry as a climate change resiliency option for farmers: an example of local adaptation in Vietnam. Climatic Change, 117 1-2: 241-257. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0550-1


Author Nguyen, Quan
Hoang, Minh Ha
Oborn, Ingrid
Noordwijk, Meine
Title Multipurpose agroforestry as a climate change resiliency option for farmers: an example of local adaptation in Vietnam
Journal name Climatic Change   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0165-0009
1573-1480
Publication date 2013-03-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10584-012-0550-1
Open Access Status
Volume 117
Issue 1-2
Start page 241
End page 257
Total pages 17
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract Increasing frequency, intensity and duration of severe weather events are posing major challenges to global food security and livelihoods of rural people. Agriculture has evolved through adaptation to local circumstances for thousands of years. Local experience in responding to severe weather conditions, accumulated over generations and centuries, is valuable for developing adaptation options to current climate change. This study aimed to: (i) identify tree species that reduce vulnerability of cropping systems under climate variability; and (ii) develop a method for rapidly assessing vulnerability and exploring strategies of smallholder farmers in rural areas exposed to climate variability. Participatory Rural Appraisal methods in combination with Geographical Information Systems tools and statistical analysis of meteorological data were used to evaluate local vulnerability to climate change and to investigate local adaptation measures in two selected villages in Vietnam, one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. The low predictability of severe weather events makes food crops, especially grain production, insecure. This study shows that while rice and rain-fed crops suffered over 40 % yield losses in years of extreme drought or flood, tree-based systems and cattle were less affected. 13 tree species performed well under the harsh local climate conditions in home and forest gardens to provide income, food, feed and other environmental benefits. Thus, this research suggests that maintenance and enhancement of locally evolved agroforestry systems, with high resilience and multiple benefits, can contribute to climate change adaptation.
Keyword Environmental Sciences
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
METEOROLOGY & ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 2007-5201-8159-50
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 2 August 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Created: Wed, 10 Apr 2013, 02:18:59 EST by Mr Hoang Nguyen on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences