Manipulating resource use by goats with predator fecal odors

Cox, Tarnya E., Murray, Peter J., Hall, Graham P. and Li, Xiuhua (2012) Manipulating resource use by goats with predator fecal odors. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 36 4: 802-806. doi:10.1002/wsb.215

Author Cox, Tarnya E.
Murray, Peter J.
Hall, Graham P.
Li, Xiuhua
Title Manipulating resource use by goats with predator fecal odors
Journal name Wildlife Society Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1938-5463
Publication date 2012-11-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/wsb.215
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 36
Issue 4
Start page 802
End page 806
Total pages 5
Place of publication John Wiley & Sons
Publisher Hoboken, NJ, United States
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Feral goats (Capra hircus) are estimated to cause >AUD$25 million of losses to pastoralism per year. Feral goats contribute to soil erosion, shrub defoliation, pasture degradation, and compete with stock for browse. Feral goats also impact threatened plants such as curly barked wattle (Acacia curranii), and land degradation by goats is considered a Key Threatening Process under the Australian Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. However, many pastoralists supplement their incomes by harvesting feral goats for their meat, fiber, skins, and for live export; this is an industry worth >AUD$73 million/year. In consideration of the commercial industry associated with feral goats, we evaluated a non-lethal form of management using predator odors at The University of Queensland's Darbalara Research Farm (Australia) in 2008. We evaluated fecal samples from lion (Panthera leo), tiger (P. tigris), and dingo (Canis lupus dingo) as area deterrents. Dingo fecal odor was not an effective deterrent for goats. Tiger fecal odor affected goat movement patterns, which resulted in a shift away from the test area (P = 0.01). The use of both lion and tiger fecal odors resulted in test animals moving their resting sites away from the test areas (lion, P = 0.03; tiger, P = 0.03). These results show that both lion and tiger fecal odors can be used to manipulate resource use by goats by affecting grazing patterns and shifting goat resting sites.
Keyword Australia
Capra hircus
Panthera sp.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2013 Collection
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 08 Apr 2013, 22:54:03 EST by Peter Murray on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences