The impact of climate change on coral reef ecosystems

Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (2011). The impact of climate change on coral reef ecosystems. In Zvy Dubins and Noga Stambler (Ed.), Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition (pp. 391-403) Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0114-4_22


Author Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove
Title of chapter The impact of climate change on coral reef ecosystems
Title of book Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition
Language of Book Title eng
Place of Publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2011
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-0114-4_22
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Year available 2011
ISBN 9789400701137
9789400701144
Editor Zvy Dubins
Noga Stambler
Chapter number 22
Start page 391
End page 403
Total pages 13
Total chapters 29
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and changing land use have dramatically altered the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. These changes have resulted in global warming and ocean acidification, both of which pose serious threats to coral reef ecosystems through increased thermal stress and ocean acidity as well as declining carbonate ion concentrations. Observed impacts on coral reefs include increased mass coral bleaching, declining calcification rates, and a range of other changes to subtle yet fundamentally important physiological and ecological processes. There is little evidence that reef-building corals and other organisms will be able to adapt to these changes leading to the conclusion reef ecosystems will become rare globally by the middle of the current century. Constraining the growth of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as well as reducing local stresses such as overfishing and declining water quality, however, holds considerable hope for avoiding this gloomy future for coral reefs. Given the importance of coral reefs to the livelihoods of millions of people, actions such as these must be pursued as a matter of extreme urgency.
Keyword Climate change
Ocean acidification
Mass coral bleaching
Declining calcification
Erosion
Disruption of sensory systems
IPCC
Carbon dioxide
Cethane
Green-house gases
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Figures,Plates,Color plates

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Global Change Institute Publications
 
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