Exploring the female specific risk to partial and full PTSD following physical assault

Betts, Kim Steven, Williams, Gail M., Najman, Jacob M. and Alati, Rosa (2013) Exploring the female specific risk to partial and full PTSD following physical assault. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26 1: 86-93. doi:10.1002/jts.21776

Author Betts, Kim Steven
Williams, Gail M.
Najman, Jacob M.
Alati, Rosa
Title Exploring the female specific risk to partial and full PTSD following physical assault
Journal name Journal of Traumatic Stress   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0894-9867
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/jts.21776
Volume 26
Issue 1
Start page 86
End page 93
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Previous studies have shown that females are at an increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in response to physical assault compared with males. Our aims were to (a) test if this gender-specific risk generalised to subclinical levels of PTSD, (b) observe how this relationship was affected by including possible confounding factors, and (c) estimate how this trauma contributed to the overall prevalence of PTSD in females. Data came from an Australian birth cohort study (n = 2,547) based in Brisbane, Australia that commenced in 1981. Using ordinal logistic regression adjusted for a wide range of confounding factors, including polyvictimisation and internalising and externalising symptoms, we found females were at a significantly greater risk compared to males of developing either partial or full PTSD, odds ratio (OR) = 7.68; 95% confidence interval (CI) = [2.94, 20.08], as well as full PTSD only, OR = 9.23; 95% CI = [2.77, 30.79], following the experience of assaultive violence (p value for test of interaction = .004). In addition to the high prevalence of sexual assault (12.9%), attributable risk analysis suggested that due to the strong risk of PTSD in females exposed to physical assault, physical assault is possibly a contributor to the overall female increased prevalence of PTSD.
Keyword Posttraumatic stress disorder
Motor vehicle accidents
Psychiatric disorders
Gender differences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Social Science Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Sun, 07 Apr 2013, 11:04:22 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health