The Economics of Farm Fragmentation - Evidence From Ghana and Rwanda

Blarel, B, Hazell, P, Place, F and Quiggin, J (1992) The Economics of Farm Fragmentation - Evidence From Ghana and Rwanda. World Bank Economic Review, 6 2: 233-254. doi:10.1093/wber/6.2.233

Author Blarel, B
Hazell, P
Place, F
Quiggin, J
Title The Economics of Farm Fragmentation - Evidence From Ghana and Rwanda
Journal name World Bank Economic Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0258-6770
Publication date 1992-05-01
Year available 1992
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/wber/6.2.233
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 6
Issue 2
Start page 233
End page 254
Total pages 22
Place of publication OXFORD
Language eng
Abstract Farm fragmentation, in which a household operates more than one separate parcel of land, is a common phenomenon in Sub-Saharan Africa. Concerned by the perceived costs of fragmented as opposed to consolidated holdings, several countries have implemented land consolidation programs. But these interventions overlook the benefits that land fragmentation can offer farmers in managing risk, in overcoming seasonal labor bottlenecks, and in better matching soil types with necessary food crops. This article uses household data from Ghana and Rwanda to discuss the incidence and causes of fragmentation. It then formally tests the relation between fragmentation and land productivity and risk reduction. The conclusion is that consolidation programs are unlikely to lead to significant increases in land productivity and may actually make farmers worse off. Policymakers should focus instead on reducing the root causes of fragmentation: inefficiencies in land, labor, credit, and food markets.
Keyword Land
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: ResearcherID Downloads - Archived
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