Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison

Marlow, Laura A. V., Zimet, Gregory D., McCaffery, Kirsten J., Ostini, Remo and Waller, Jo (2013) Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison. Vaccine, 31 5: 763-769. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.083


Author Marlow, Laura A. V.
Zimet, Gregory D.
McCaffery, Kirsten J.
Ostini, Remo
Waller, Jo
Title Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination: an international comparison
Journal name Vaccine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-410X
1873-2518
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.083
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 31
Issue 5
Start page 763
End page 769
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 2400 Immunology and Microbiology
2725 Infectious Diseases
2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
3400 Veterinary
1313 Molecular Medicine
Abstract Since vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) became available, awareness of HPV has dramatically increased. Implementation of a vaccine program varies internationally yet no studies have explored the influence this has on the public's knowledge of HPV. The present study aimed to explore differences in awareness of HPV and HPV knowledge across three countries: The US, UK and Australia.
Formatted abstract
Since vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) became available, awareness of HPV has dramatically increased. Implementation of a vaccine program varies internationally yet no studies have explored the influence this has on the public's knowledge of HPV. The present study aimed to explore differences in awareness of HPV and HPV knowledge across three countries: The US, UK and Australia.

Participants (n = 2409) completed a validated measure of HPV knowledge as part of an online survey. There were higher levels of HPV awareness among men and women in the US than the UK and Australia. Being male and having a lower educational level was associated with lower HPV awareness in all three countries. Awareness of HPV vaccine was higher in women from the US than the UK and Australia. Women in the US scored significantly higher on general HPV knowledge (on a 15-item scale) than women in the UK and Australia, but there were no between country differences in HPV vaccine knowledge (on a 6-item scale). When asked about country-specific vaccine availability, participants in the US were less able to identify the correct answers than participants in the UK and Australia. More than half of participants did not know: HPV can cause genital warts; most sexually active people will get HPV at some point in their life; or HPV doesn’t usually need treatment.

Pharmaceutical advertising campaigns could explain why awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine is higher in the US and this has helped to get some important messages across. Significant gaps in HPV knowledge remain across all three countries.
Keyword Hpv
Vaccination
Knowledge
Cervical cancer
International
Measure
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 11 December 2012.

 
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