Protected areas and local communities: an inevitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies?

Andrade, Gustavo S. M. and Rhodes, Jonathan R. (2012) Protected areas and local communities: an inevitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies?. Ecology and Society, 17 4: 14.1-14.16. doi:10.5751/ES-05216-170414

Author Andrade, Gustavo S. M.
Rhodes, Jonathan R.
Title Protected areas and local communities: an inevitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies?
Journal name Ecology and Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1708-3087
Publication date 2012-01-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5751/ES-05216-170414
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 17
Issue 4
Start page 14.1
End page 14.16
Total pages 16
Place of publication Waterloo, ON, Canada
Publisher Resilience Alliance Publications
Language eng
Abstract Many protected areas (PAs) have followed the conventional and exclusionary approach applied at Yellowstone in 1872. As such, many parks have failed to fully integrate other important factors, such as social, cultural, and political issues. In some cases, this has triggered adverse social impacts on local communities, disrupting their traditional ways of living and limiting their control of and access to natural resources. Such an outcome can undermine protection policies through conflicts between park managers and local communities. The success of conservation strategies through protected areas may lie in the ability of managers to reconcile biodiversity conservation goals with social and economic issues and to promote greater compliance of local communities with PA conservation strategies. However, there are very few quantitative studies identifying what the key factors are that lead to better compliance with PA conservation policies. To address this issue, we conducted a meta-analysis of 55 published case studies from developing countries to determine whether the level of compliance of local communities with PA regulations was related to: (1) PA age, (2) PA area, (3) the existence of a buffer zone, (4) the level of protection as defined by IUCN categories, (5) gross domestic product per capita, (6) population density in the vicinity of PAs, and (7) the level of local community participation in PA management. We found that local community participation in the PA decision-making process was the only variable that was significantly related to the level of compliance with PA polices. In general, the higher the level of participation, the higher the level of compliance. This has important implications for PA management and suggests that greater inclusion of local communities in management should be a key strategy for ensuring the integrity of PAs.
Keyword Community-based natural resource management
Protected area management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article 14

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2013 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 48 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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