Measurement and modeling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradients on swash zone sediment transport

Othman, Ilya Khairanis, Baldock, Tom E. and Callaghan, David P. (2012). Measurement and modeling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradients on swash zone sediment transport. In: Patrick Lynett and Jane McKee Smith, Proceedings of the 33rd Conference on Coastal Engineering. International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE2012), Santander, Spain, (1-15). 1-6 July 2012. doi:10.9753/icce.v33.sediment.58

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Author Othman, Ilya Khairanis
Baldock, Tom E.
Callaghan, David P.
Title of paper Measurement and modeling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradients on swash zone sediment transport
Conference name International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE2012)
Conference location Santander, Spain
Conference dates 1-6 July 2012
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 33rd Conference on Coastal Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication United States
Publisher Coastal Engineering Research Council
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.9753/icce.v33.sediment.58
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
ISBN 9780989661119
ISSN 2156-1028
Editor Patrick Lynett
Jane McKee Smith
Volume 33
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Language eng
Abstract/Summary The paper examines the dependency between sediment transport rate, q, and grain size, D, (i.e. q∝Dp) in the swash zone. Experiments were performed using a dam break flow as a proxy for swash overtopping on a mobile sediment beach. The magnitude and nature of the dependency (i.e. p value) is inferred for different flow parameters; the initial dam depth (or initial bore height), do, the integrated depth averaged velocity, ∫u3 dt, and against the predicted transport, qp using the Meyer-Peter Muller (MPM) transport model. Experiments were performed over both upward sloping beds and a horizontal bed. The data show that negative dependencies (p<0) are obtained for do and qp, while positive dependencies (p>0) are obtained for ∫u3 dt. This indicates that a given do and qp transport less sediment as grain size increases, whereas transport increases with grain size for a given ∫u3 dt. The p value is expected to be narrow ranged, 0.5≤ p≤-0.5. A discernible difference observed between the measured and predicted transport on horizontal and sloping beds suggests different modes of transport. The incorporation of a pressure gradient correction, dp/dx, using the surface water slope (i.e. piezometric head), in the transport calculation greatly improved the transport predictions on the horizontal bed, where dp/dx is positive. On average, the incorporation of a pressure gradient term into the MPM formulation reduces qp in the uprush by 4% (fine sand) to 18% (coarse sand) and increases qp over a horizontal bed by 1% (fine sand) to two orders of magnitude (coarse sand). The measured transport for fine and coarse sand are better predicted using MPM and MPM+dp/dx respectively. Poor predictions are obtained using Nielsen (2002) because the pressure gradient in the uprush is of opposite sign to that inferred from velocity data in that paper. It is suggested that future swash sediment transport models should incorporate the grain size effect, partly through the pressure gradient, although the dp/dx influence is small for fine sands because of the grain size scaling contained in the stress term.
Keyword Sediment transport
Dam break
Grain size
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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