"It will not always be this way": cognitive alternatives improve self-esteem in contexts of segregation

Zhang, Airong, Jetten, Jolanda, Iyer, Aarti and Cui, Lijuan (2013) "It will not always be this way": cognitive alternatives improve self-esteem in contexts of segregation. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4 2: 159-166. doi:10.1177/1948550612452890

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Author Zhang, Airong
Jetten, Jolanda
Iyer, Aarti
Cui, Lijuan
Title "It will not always be this way": cognitive alternatives improve self-esteem in contexts of segregation
Journal name Social Psychological and Personality Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1948-5506
1948-5514
Publication date 2013-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1948550612452890
Volume 4
Issue 2
Start page 159
End page 166
Total pages 8
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract In the context of school segregation in China, the authors propose that disadvantaged group members’ self-esteem should improve when they consider the prospect of a better future for the group (i.e., awareness of cognitive alternatives to the lower status position). A pilot study established that country workers’ children who were educated with city children (i.e., in integrated schools) reported higher self-esteem than country workers’ children who were educated separately (i.e., in segregated schools). Study 1 showed that self-esteem among country workers’ children was predicted by awareness of cognitive alternatives, but not by contact with city children. Study 2 experimentally manipulated cognitive alternatives, showing that self-esteem was enhanced when awareness of cognitive alternatives was high rather than low. Contact with city children again did not predict self-esteem. Findings demonstrate the importance of perceiving that social change is possible.
Keyword Cognitive alternatives
Well-being
Intergroup contact
Social identity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 14 Feb 2013, 23:34:37 EST by Dr Aarti Iyer on behalf of School of Psychology