People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and HIV/AIDS associated oral lesions; a study in Malaysia

Khan, Saad A., Moorthy, Jayanthy, Omar, Hanan and Hasan, Syed Shahzad (2012) People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and HIV/AIDS associated oral lesions; a study in Malaysia. Bmc Public Health, 12 1: 850-1-850-8. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-850

Author Khan, Saad A.
Moorthy, Jayanthy
Omar, Hanan
Hasan, Syed Shahzad
Title People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and HIV/AIDS associated oral lesions; a study in Malaysia
Journal name Bmc Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2012-10-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-12-850
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 850-1
End page 850-8
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The continuous increase in number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) represents a serious health and economic burden. HIV positive individuals with oral lesions have significantly lower oral health-related quality of life than HIV positive individuals without oral lesions. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) within a cohort of HIV/AIDS positive patients towards HIV/AIDS associated oral lesions.

Methods. Two hundred seventy patients attending a national referral hospital of infectious disease in Malaysia were recruited for the study. The study involved the administration of a validated interview-based questionnaire designed to elicit knowledge, attitude and practices of these patients towards HIV associated oral lesions. The last part of the questionnaire assessed the training provided to the patients in relation to the oral lesions associated with the disease and the effectiveness of this training. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS version 18.

Results: Thirty seven percent of patients were reported as knowledgeable, while sixty four percent reported to have positive attitude towards the care of oral hygiene. Sixty six percent of the patients reported that they would seek professional care when experiencing oral lesion. Training was reported effective for 93% patients.

Conclusions: Patients were non-knowledgeable in relation to oral manifestations of the disease and one third of the participating patients showed negative attitudes towards oral health care and reported various measures to manage oral lesions rather than seeking professional care. Developing effective educational methodologies can empower patients with knowledge that may translate to positive attitudes and practices.
Keyword Quality of life
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Pharmacy Publications
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