Vortex formation by merging of multiple trapped Bose-Einstein condensates

Scherer, David R., Weiler, Chad N., Neely, Tyler W. and Anderson, Brian P. (2007) Vortex formation by merging of multiple trapped Bose-Einstein condensates. Physical Review Letters, 98 11: . doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.110402

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Author Scherer, David R.
Weiler, Chad N.
Neely, Tyler W.
Anderson, Brian P.
Title Vortex formation by merging of multiple trapped Bose-Einstein condensates
Journal name Physical Review Letters   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-9007
1079-7114
Publication date 2007-03-12
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.110402
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 98
Issue 11
Total pages 4
Place of publication College Park, MD, United States
Publisher American Physical Society
Language eng
Formatted abstract
We report observations of vortex formation by merging and interfering multiple 87Rb Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in a confining potential. In this experiment, a single harmonic potential well is partitioned into three sections by a barrier, enabling the simultaneous formation of three independent, uncorrelated BECs. The BECs may either automatically merge together during their growth, or for high-energy barriers, the BECs can be merged together by barrier removal after their formation. Either process may instigate vortex formation in the resulting BEC, depending on the initially indeterminate relative phases of the condensates and the merging rate.
Keyword Liquid crystals
Atoms
Phase
Mechanism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Article # 110402

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Mathematics and Physics
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 135 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 133 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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