The contact caveat: negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice

Barlow, Fiona Kate, Paolini, Stefania, Pedersen, Anne, Hornsey, Matthew J., Radke, Helena R. M., Harwood, Jake, Rubin, Mark and Sibley, Chris G. (2012) The contact caveat: negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38 12: 1629-1643. doi:10.1177/0146167212457953


Author Barlow, Fiona Kate
Paolini, Stefania
Pedersen, Anne
Hornsey, Matthew J.
Radke, Helena R. M.
Harwood, Jake
Rubin, Mark
Sibley, Chris G.
Title The contact caveat: negative contact predicts increased prejudice more than positive contact predicts reduced prejudice
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0146-1672
1552-7433
Publication date 2012-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0146167212457953
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 38
Issue 12
Start page 1629
End page 1643
Total pages 15
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Subject 3207 Social Psychology
Abstract Contact researchers have largely overlooked the potential for negative intergroup contact to increase prejudice. In Study 1, we tested the interaction between contact quantity and valence on prejudice toward Black Australians (n = 1,476), Muslim Australians (n = 173), and asylum seekers (n = 293). In all cases, the association between contact quantity and prejudice was moderated by its valence, with negative contact emerging as a stronger and more consistent predictor than positive contact. In Study 2, White Americans (n = 441) indicated how much positive and negative contact they had with Black Americans on separate measures. Although both quantity of positive and negative contact predicted racism and avoidance, negative contact was the stronger predictor. Furthermore, negative (but not positive) contact independently predicted suspicion about Barack Obama's birthplace. These results extend the contact hypothesis by issuing an important caveat: Negative contact may be more strongly associated with increased racism and discrimination than positive contact is with its reduction.
Keyword Contact hypothesis
Positive contact
Negative contact
Prejudice
Racism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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