Progressing measurement in mental toughness: a case example of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48

Gucciardi, Daniel F., Hanton, Sheldon and Mallett, Clifford J. (2012) Progressing measurement in mental toughness: a case example of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 1 3: 194-214. doi:10.1037/a0027190

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Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Hanton, Sheldon
Mallett, Clifford J.
Title Progressing measurement in mental toughness: a case example of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48
Journal name Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2157-3905
2157-3913
Publication date 2012-08-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0027190
Volume 1
Issue 3
Start page 194
End page 214
Total pages 21
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Mental toughness has received increasing attention in the field of performance psychology, yet issues remain about its measurement by self-report. In this article, we have summarized mental toughness measurement issues and, as an example, provided a psychometric examination of the most frequently used measure. In an effort to operationalize mental toughness, Clough, Earle, and Sewell (2002) developed the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ 48) and provided initial evidence for its reliability and validity. Subsequent research has partially supported the internal reliability and validity of the MTQ 48. However, no research has rigorously tested the factorial structure of the hypothesized model underlying this scale. Using two independent samples of performers from various sports (n = 686) and the workplace (n = 639), we sought to examine the factorial validity of the MTQ 48 using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM). Both CFA and ESEM indicated that the hypothesized correlated four factor model did not fit the data well in the athlete and workplace samples. Our overview of measurement issues and empirical case study of the MTQ 48 underscore the importance of having a clearly articulated conceptual underpinning combined with rigorous statistical procedures in attempting to develop a mental toughness inventory.
Keyword Exploratory structural equation modeling
Factorial validity
Mentally tough
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Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 19 Nov 2012, 21:43:51 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences