Looking for the right balance: consideration of exercise approaches in the menopause transition, healthy ageing and early falls prevention

Fu, Stephanie, Low Choy, Nancy and Nitz, Jennifer (2012). Looking for the right balance: consideration of exercise approaches in the menopause transition, healthy ageing and early falls prevention. In: 8th World Congress on Aging and Physical Activity: A Celebration of Diversity and Inclusion in Active Ageing, Glasgow, Scotland, (S133-S134). 13-17 August 2012.

Author Fu, Stephanie
Low Choy, Nancy
Nitz, Jennifer
Title of paper Looking for the right balance: consideration of exercise approaches in the menopause transition, healthy ageing and early falls prevention
Conference name 8th World Congress on Aging and Physical Activity: A Celebration of Diversity and Inclusion in Active Ageing
Conference location Glasgow, Scotland
Conference dates 13-17 August 2012
Journal name Journal of Aging and Physical Activity   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Published abstract
ISSN 1063-8652
1543-267X
Volume 20
Issue Supplement
Start page S133
End page S134
Total pages 2
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Background: Poor balance has been identified as one of the main factors contributing to falls in the older person with studies demonstrating detrimental change in sensorimotor factors in adults after 40 years of age. This series of studies investigated the efficacy and long term benefits of a specific balance-strategy training (SBST) program for healthy but less active women during menopause transition compared to other common exercise programs and whether participation led to adoption of a more active lifestyle. Method: 84 healthy women were admitted to the study and allocated to groups on the basis of their activity level. 50 Sedentary participants were assigned to RCT. Intervention group attended 24 SBST sessions were compared to controls at baseline and for 3, 9 and 24months assessments. The SBST group was also compared to 34 women who exercised at a moderate to high intensity level at baseline and 24 months. Result: RCT intervention group showed significant improvement in balance measures (p < 0.003), tactile acuity (p = 0.027), ankle flexibility (p < 0.000), lower limb strength (p < 0.006) compared to sedentary controls immediately after intervention. At 3-months, most improvement was maintained for the SBST group with continued significant improvement in balance (p < 0.05), somatosensory function (p < 0.046), muscle strength (p < 0.046) and cardiovascular endurance (p = 0.000). At 24months the SBST group had attained the same cardiovascular endurance level as the exercise control group, women in the SBST group showed sustained weight loss (p < 0.017) while exercising controls showed a steady weight gain (2.21 ± 3.90 kg). Conclusion: SBST program is comparable in effect to every-day exercise programs. It leads to adoption of a more active lifestyle for less active women aged 40 to 60 years. Verification of the SBST program outcome with 517 healthy older people aged over 65 produced a similar outcome regarding reduction of falls risk factors and for foster healthier ageing.
Keyword Balance
Fall risk factors
Intervention
Exercise
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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