Microbial remediation of pollution in tropical coastal environments

Moriarty, D. J. W. and Decamp, O. (2012) Microbial remediation of pollution in tropical coastal environments. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 15 3: 253-259. doi:10.1080/14634988.2012.705775

Author Moriarty, D. J. W.
Decamp, O.
Title Microbial remediation of pollution in tropical coastal environments
Journal name Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1463-4988
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14634988.2012.705775
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 15
Issue 3
Start page 253
End page 259
Total pages 7
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 1104 Aquatic Science
2303 Ecology
2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Abstract The impact of waste on the coastal environment from urban sources and the agriculture, manufacturing and aquaculture industries can be mitigated by the use of appropriate microbes either individually or in consortia with plants. Aquaculture-coastal land-based and estuarine or bay cage aquaculture-and urban sewage and industrial organic wastes are particularly amenable to microbial technologies. Several criteria must be applied to ensure success. Appropriate species for microbial technology, i.e. microbes that are natural to, or integrate easily into, the natural ecological communities and provide the desired beneficial actions, have to be selected and produced at a cost that is acceptable to the end users. The microbes have to be added at a high enough population density to compete with the natural flora in the treatment sites. Bacteria that carry genes for antibiotic resistance and disease virulence must not be used in sites where they could affect not only human, but also fish and shrimp health; safety checks must be made during selection and production processes. Microbial technologies are now being used widely in the field of aquaculture, where an obvious cost-benefit is seen at harvest. Microbial technologies can lower energy and other costs of treating of urban and industrial wastes and assist in meeting regulatory targets for effluent quality.
Keyword Bacillus
Waste treatment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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