Phylogenetic niche conservatism: what are the underlying evolutionary and ecological causes?

Crisp, Michael D. and Cook, Lyn G. (2012) Phylogenetic niche conservatism: what are the underlying evolutionary and ecological causes?. New Phytologist, 196 3: 681-694. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04298.x

Author Crisp, Michael D.
Cook, Lyn G.
Title Phylogenetic niche conservatism: what are the underlying evolutionary and ecological causes?
Journal name New Phytologist   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-646X
Publication date 2012-09-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04298.x
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 196
Issue 3
Start page 681
End page 694
Total pages 14
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Contents: Summary 681 I. Introduction 681 II. What is phylogenetic niche conservatism? 682 III. Pattern or process? 683 IV. What causes a pattern of PNC? 683 V. Tests for PNC 687 VI.

Conclusion: is a concept of PNC scientifically useful? 961 Acknowledgements 692 References 692.

Summary: Phylogenetic niche conservatism (PNC) is the tendency of lineages to retain their niche-related traits through speciation events. A recent surge in the availability of well-sampled molecular phylogenies has stimulated phylogenetic approaches to understanding ecological processes at large geographical scales and through macroevolutionary time. We stress that PNC is a pattern, not a process, and is found only in some traits and some lineages. At the simplest level, a pattern of PNC is an inevitable consequence of evolution - descent with modification and divergence of lineages - but several intrinsic causes, including physicochemical, developmental and genetic constraints, can lead directly to a marked pattern of PNC. A pattern of PNC can also be caused indirectly, as a by-product of other causes, such as extinction, dispersal limitation, competition and predation. Recognition of patterns of PNC can contribute to understanding macroevolutionary processes: for example, release from constraint in traits has been hypothesized to trigger adaptive radiations such as that of the angiosperms. Given the multiple causes of patterns of PNC, tests should address explicit questions about hypothesized processes. We conclude that PNC is a scientifically useful concept with applications to the practice of ecological research.
Keyword Co-adapted trait complex
Community assembly
Evolutionary constraint
Pattern and process
Phylogenetic niche conservatism (PNC)
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID DP0985473
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 3 September 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 81 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 14 Nov 2012, 00:38:46 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences