Word length and age influences on forward and backward immediate serial recall

Baker, Rosemary, Tehan, Hannah and Tehan, Gerald (2012) Word length and age influences on forward and backward immediate serial recall. Memory and Cognition, 40 1: 40-51. doi:10.3758/s13421-011-0127-7

Author Baker, Rosemary
Tehan, Hannah
Tehan, Gerald
Title Word length and age influences on forward and backward immediate serial recall
Journal name Memory and Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-502X
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/s13421-011-0127-7
Volume 40
Issue 1
Start page 40
End page 51
Total pages 12
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Abstract The present research is aimed at understanding the processes involved in short-term memory and how they interact with age. Specifically, word length effects were examined under forward serial recall, backward serial recall, and item recognition tasks, with performance being interpreted within an item-order theoretical framework. The interaction of age, word length, and direction of recall was examined in two experiments, the first of which confirmed that the word length was present with forward recall and absent with backward recall. In addition, age effects were stronger in backward recall than in forward recall. In the second experiment, an item-order trade-off methodology was utilized with backward recall. When order memory was required, there was no word length effect and strong age effects. When memory was tested via an item recognition test, there was a reverse word length effect and no age effect. While word length effects can be interpreted within the item-order framework, age effects cannot.
Keyword Short-term memory
Word length
Foward recall
Backward recall
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2013 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 07 Nov 2012, 19:55:10 EST by Roheen Gill on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research