Liveweight gain and feed intake of weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Marsetyo, Damry, Quigley, S. P., McLennan, S. R. and Poppi, D. P. (2012). Liveweight gain and feed intake of weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. In: David Hopkins, Sue Hatcher and Chris Anderson, Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production: Volume 29. 2nd Australian and New Zealand Societies of Animal Production Joint Conference, Lincoln, New Zealand, (630-635). 2-5 July 2012. doi:10.1071/AN11285


Author Marsetyo
Damry
Quigley, S. P.
McLennan, S. R.
Poppi, D. P.
Title of paper Liveweight gain and feed intake of weaned Bali cattle fed a range of diets in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
Conference name 2nd Australian and New Zealand Societies of Animal Production Joint Conference
Conference location Lincoln, New Zealand
Conference dates 2-5 July 2012
Proceedings title Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production: Volume 29   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Animal Production Science   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Collingwood, VIC, Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Publication Year 2012
Year available 2012
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1071/AN11285
Open Access Status DOI
ISSN 1836-0939
1836-5787
Editor David Hopkins
Sue Hatcher
Chris Anderson
Volume 52
Issue 6-7
Start page 630
End page 635
Total pages 6
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Three experiments were conducted to determine liveweight (W) gain and feed and water intake of weaned Bali cattle offered a range of feed types. In each experiment, 18 weaned entire male Bali cattle were allocated to three treatment groups in a completely randomised block design, with six replicates (animals) per treatment. The dietary treatments were: Experiment 1, native grass fed ad libitum, native grass supplemented with rice bran at 10 g dry matter (DM)/kg W.day and native grass supplemented with a mixture of rice bran and copra meal in equal proportions fed at 10 g DM/kg W.day; Experiment 2, elephant grass hay fed ad libitum, elephant grass supplemented with gliricidia at 10 g DM/kg W.day, and gliricidia fed ad libitum; and Experiment 3, corn stover fed ad libitum, corn stover supplemented with gliricidia at 10 g DM/kg W.day, and corn stover supplemented with rice bran/copra meal in equal amounts (w/w) at 10 g DM/kg W.day. Each experiment was 10 weeks in duration, consisting of a 2-week preliminary period for adaptation to diets and an 8-week experimental period for the measurement of W change, feed and water intake and digestibility of the diet. Growth rates of 612-month-old, entire male Bali cattle fed a range of local diets ranged from 0.10 and 0.40 kg/day. Lowest growth rates occurred when the cattle were given the basal diets of native grass (0.104 kg/day), elephant grass (0.174 kg/day) and corn stover (0.232 kg/day). With the addition of supplements such as rice bran, rice bran/copra meal or gliricidia to these basal diets liveweight gains increased to between 0.225 and 0.402 kg/day. Forage DM intake was reduced with these supplements by on average 22.6% while total DM intake was increased by an average of 10.5%. The growth rate on gliricidia alone was 0.269 kg/day and feed DM intake was 28.0 g/kg W.day. Water intake was not affected by supplement type or intake. In conclusion, inclusion of small quantities of locally available, high quality feed supplements provide small-holder farmers with the potential to increase growth rates of Bali calves from 0.1 to 0.2 kg/day, under prevailing feeding scenarios, to over 0.4 kg/day.
Keyword Digestibility
Forage
Growth
Intake
Supplement
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes This special issue of Animal Production Science contains plenary and four-page papers submitted in Australia for the 29th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production which was held jointly with the 72nd Annual Conference of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production. The Second Joint Conference of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production and the Australian Society of Animal Production was held in Lincoln, New Zealand, July 2012. Papers that were submitted in New Zealand are published in the Volume 72 of the Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production. One page papers submitted in Australia are published in the Proceedings of the 29th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production.

 
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