Participation-based environment accessibility assessment tool (P-BEAAT) in the Zambian context

Banda-Chalwe, Martha, Nitz, Jennifer C. and de Jonge, Desleigh (2012) Participation-based environment accessibility assessment tool (P-BEAAT) in the Zambian context. Disability and Rehabilitation, 34 14: 1232-1243. doi:10.3109/09638288.2011.641665

Author Banda-Chalwe, Martha
Nitz, Jennifer C.
de Jonge, Desleigh
Title Participation-based environment accessibility assessment tool (P-BEAAT) in the Zambian context
Journal name Disability and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0963-8288
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/09638288.2011.641665
Open Access Status
Volume 34
Issue 14
Start page 1232
End page 1243
Total pages 12
Place of publication London United Kingdom
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the preliminary development and validation of a potential measure for assessing the accessibility of the built environment in Zambia. It was designed to identify environmental features that present barriers to participation for people with mobility limitations (PWML) using mobility devices such as wheelchairs or crutches.Method: The Participation-Based Environment Accessibility Assessment Tool (P-BEAAT) was developed through focus group discussions and personal interviews with 88 PWML from five provinces of Zambia regarding the accessibility of their built environment. The content validity of the P-BEAAT checklist was accomplished through three phases of development with data gathered from 11 focus groups and nine personal interviews. Results: Participants described accessibility barriers which affect their participation in daily life. This information generated the P-BEAAT with 66 items describing eight environmental features with potential for identifying environmental barriers. The P-BEAAT has shown good homogeneity with Cronbach’s α score of 0.91. Conclusion: The P-BEAAT was constructed grounded in the reality of people’s experiences in Zambia for use in assessing environmental features important in the participation of daily life of PWML pertinent to developing countries. Further clinimetric testing of the properties of the P-BEAAT to establish reliability should be conducted next.
Keyword Built environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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