Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: behavioural problems during childhood

Paterson, Janis, Taylor, Stephen, Schluter, Philip J. and Iusitini, Leon (2013) Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: behavioural problems during childhood. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22 2: 231-243. doi:10.1007/s10826-012-9572-6

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Author Paterson, Janis
Taylor, Stephen
Schluter, Philip J.
Iusitini, Leon
Title Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: behavioural problems during childhood
Journal name Journal of Child and Family Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1062-1024
Publication date 2013-02-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10826-012-9572-6
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 22
Issue 2
Start page 231
End page 243
Total pages 13
Place of publication New York, NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Pacific peoples represent one of the fastest growing population subgroups in New Zealand and suffer disproportionately from diabetes, obesity, and other diseases. There is little research on the predictors of behavioral problems in Pacific children or the role that cultural variables play in shaping the unique environments in which child development occurs This study aims to examine the: (1) prevalence of behavior problems at 2, 4, and 6 years-of-age among Pacific children, and (2) relationships between maternal, cultural, and socio-demographic factors and behavioral problems. Data were gathered from the Pacific Islands Families Study. Maternal reports of child behavior were obtained using the Child Behavior Checklist for over 1000 Pacific children. The prevalence of clinical internalizing problems at ages 2, 4, and 6 years was 16.8, 22 and 8.5%, and clinical externalizing was 6.7, 10.7, and 14.6% respectively. Significant risk factors associated with clinical internalizing were maternal depression, maternal smoking, intimate partner violence, and having a single mother. Significant risk factors for clinical externalizing were harsh parenting, maternal depression, having a New Zealand born mother, and low household income. Across dimensions, a protective factor was found for children with mothers who described themselves as strongly aligned with Pacific traditions. These findings contribute to the limited longitudinal data specific to children from different ethnic groups and demonstrate the importance of cultural factors in developmental outcomes.
Keyword Child behaviour
Pacific children
Child Behavior Checklist
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 25 February 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 25 May 2012, 23:27:55 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work