Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test

Shumway-Cook, A, Brauer, S and Woollacott, M (2000) Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test. Physical Therapy, 80 9: 896-903.

Author Shumway-Cook, A
Brauer, S
Woollacott, M
Title Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test
Journal name Physical Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-9023
Publication date 2000-09-01
Year available 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 80
Issue 9
Start page 896
End page 903
Total pages 8
Place of publication ALEXANDRIA
Publisher AMER PHYSICAL THERAPY ASSOC
Language eng
Abstract Background and Purpose. This study examined the sensitivity and specificity of the Timed Up & Go Test (TUG) under single-task versus dual-task conditions for identifying elderly individuals who are prone to falling. Subjects. Fifteen elder adults with no history of falls (mean age=78 years, SD=6, range=65-85) and Iii older adults with a history of 2 or more falls in the previous 6 months (mean age=86.2 years, SD=6, range=76-95) participated. Methods. Time taken to complete the TUG under 3 conditions (TUG, TUG with a. subtraction task [TUG(cognitive)], and TUG while carrying a full cup of water [TUG(manual)]) was measured. A multivariate analysis of variance and discriminant function and logistic regression analyses were performed. Results. The TUG was found to be a sensitive (sensitivity=87%) and specific (specificity=87%) measure for identifying elderly individuals who are prone to falls. For both groups of older adults, simultaneous performance of an additional task increased the time taken to complete the TUG, with the greatest effect in the older adults with a history of falls. The TUG scores with or without an additional task (cognitive or manual) were equivalent with respect to identifying fallers and nonfallers. Conclusions and Discussion. The results suggest that the TUG is a sensitive and specific measure for identifying community-dwelling adults who are at risk for Falls. The ability to predict falls is not enhanced by adding a secondary task when performing the TUG.
Keyword balance
fall prevention
Reliability
Mobility
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID AG05317
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: ResearcherID Downloads - Archived
 
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