Design and baseline characteristics of the 10 Small Steps Study: A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to promote healthy behaviour using a lifestyle score and personalised feedback

Parekh, Sanjoti, Vandelanotte, Corneel, King, David and Boyle, Frances M. (2012) Design and baseline characteristics of the 10 Small Steps Study: A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to promote healthy behaviour using a lifestyle score and personalised feedback. BMC Public Health, 12 1: 179.1-179.9. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-179


Author Parekh, Sanjoti
Vandelanotte, Corneel
King, David
Boyle, Frances M.
Title Design and baseline characteristics of the 10 Small Steps Study: A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to promote healthy behaviour using a lifestyle score and personalised feedback
Journal name BMC Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2012-03-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-12-179
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 179.1
End page 179.9
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death globally and are associated with a limited set of common, modifiable health behaviours: tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diet. General practice offers an ideal avenue for addressing such health behaviours on a population-wide basis. This paper describes the protocol of a multiple health behaviour change intervention designed for implementation in general practice and summarises the baseline characteristics of its participants.
Method/Design: The 10 Small Steps (10SS) study, a randomised controlled trial, involved 4,678 adult general practice patients in Queensland, Australia. Self-reported data were collected to establish the proportion of participants meeting recommended guidelines for ten health behaviours: physical activity, body mass index, alcohol, smoking and six dietary behaviours. Participants were randomised to four groups: contact at baseline only ('single intervention' and corresponding control group) and contact at baseline and 3 months ('dual intervention' and corresponding control group). At each contact the participants received a computer-tailored feedback and one page information sheet according to their allocation to intervention or control groups. Change in the intervention group compared to the control group was assessed at 3 and12 months after baseline data collection.
Responses were summed to calculate an individual lifestyle score (the Prudence Score), which ranged from 0 to 10. The baseline response was 56.5% (4678 of 8343 invited participants) and the study sample was primarily female (68.7%) with an average age of 47 years. The mean Prudence Score was 5.8 (95%CI 5.75-5.85).
Discussion: Baseline data from the 10SS study show that nearly all participants engage in some health behaviours but relatively few adhere simultaneously to a core set of dietary and lifestyle behaviours associated with risk of NCDs. Ample scope exists to improve health behaviour to reduce NCDs in the general practice setting and the 10SS study trial will provide data on the extent to which a minimal computer-tailored intervention can meet this objective. The protocol developed for the 10SS study has potential for translation into routine general practice as it has minimal impact on practice routine whilst contributing to primary prevention objectives.
Trial Registration: The Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12611001213932
Keyword Lifestyle score
Non-communicable diseases
Prevalence
Prevention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article # 179

 
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Created: Thu, 22 Mar 2012, 22:11:51 EST by Sanjoti Parekh on behalf of School of Public Health