Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: Normative data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing

Slade, Tim, Grove, Rachel and Burgess, Philip (2011) Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: Normative data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Australian And New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45 4: 308-316. doi:10.3109/00048674.2010.543653


Author Slade, Tim
Grove, Rachel
Burgess, Philip
Title Kessler Psychological Distress Scale: Normative data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal name Australian And New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-8674
Publication date 2011-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/00048674.2010.543653
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 45
Issue 4
Start page 308
End page 316
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, England, U.K.
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract Objective: To present Australian normative data on the ten-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). Method: Analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, a nationally representative household survey of 8841 adults. Mean K10 scores and K10 scores at selected percentiles of the K10 score distribution are presented by sex, age, the presence of mental disorders and the presence of physical conditions. Stratum-specific likelihood ratios were computed to help clinicians and researchers calculate predicted probabilities of mental disorder given scores on the K10. Results: Scores on the K10 were generally higher in women compared to men, in people with a mental disorder compared to without a mental disorder and in people with affective disorders compared to people with substance use disorders. The SSLRs were informative in ruling in a diagnosis of mental disorder, particularly at the high or very high end of the psychological distress spectrum. Conclusions: These data may be helpful for clinicians and researchers alike in understanding the likelihood of mental disorder in a given individual or sample.
Formatted abstract
Objective: To present Australian normative data on the ten-item Kessler Psychological
Distress Scale (K10).
Method: Analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of
Mental Health and Wellbeing, a nationally representative household survey of 8841 adults.  Mean K10 scores and K10 scores at selected percentiles of the K10 score distribution are presented by sex, age, the presence of mental disorders and the presence of physical conditions.  Stratum-specifi c likelihood ratios were computed to help clinicians and researchers calculate predicted probabilities of mental disorder given scores on the K10.
Results: Scores on the K10 were generally higher in women compared to men, in people with a mental disorder compared to without a mental disorder and in people with affective disorders compared to people with substance use disorders. The SSLRs were informative in ruling in a diagnosis of mental disorder, particularly at the high or very high end of the psychological distress spectrum.
Conclusions: These data may be helpful for clinicians and researchers alike in understanding the likelihood of mental disorder in a given individual or sample.
Keyword Kessler Psychological Distress Scale
Mental disorder
Norms
Anxiety Disorders
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Received 9 September 2010; accepted 21 November 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 20 Mar 2012, 23:05:22 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health