Non precious metal catalysts for the PEM fuel cell cathode

Othman, Rapidah, Dicks, Andrew L. and Zhu, Zhonghua (2012) Non precious metal catalysts for the PEM fuel cell cathode. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37 1: 357-372. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.095

Author Othman, Rapidah
Dicks, Andrew L.
Zhu, Zhonghua
Title Non precious metal catalysts for the PEM fuel cell cathode
Journal name International Journal of Hydrogen Energy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0360-3199
Publication date 2012-01-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.095
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 37
Issue 1
Start page 357
End page 372
Total pages 16
Editor Zongqiang Mao
Zhixiang Liu
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
2103 Fuel Technology
3104 Condensed Matter Physics
2102 Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Abstract Low temperature fuel cells, such as the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell, have required the use of highly active catalysts to promote both the fuel oxidation at the anode and oxygen reduction at the cathode. Attention has been particularly given to the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) since this appears to be responsible for major voltage losses within the cell. To provide the requisite activity and minimse losses, precious metal catalysts (containing Pt) continue to be used for the cathode catalyst. At the same time, much research is in progress to reduce the costs associated with Pt cathode catalysts, by identifying and developing non-precious metal alternatives. This review outlines classes of non-precious metal systems that have been investigated over the past 10 years. Whilst none of these so far have provided the performance and durability of Pt systems some, such as transition metals supported on porous carbons, have demonstrated reasonable electrocatalytic activity. Of the newer catalysts, iron-based nanostructures on nitrogen-functionalised mesoporous carbons are beginning to emerge as possible contenders for future commercial PEMFC systems.
Keyword Non-precious metal
PEM fuel cell
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 15 October 2011. Issue includes Special Section Papers: 11th China Hydrogen Energy Conference.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
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