Structural evolution of the Texas Orocline, Eastern Australia

Li, Pengfei, Rosenbaum, Gideon and Donchak, Paul J. T . (2012) Structural evolution of the Texas Orocline, Eastern Australia. Gondwana Research, 22 1: 279-289. doi:10.1016/

Author Li, Pengfei
Rosenbaum, Gideon
Donchak, Paul J. T .
Title Structural evolution of the Texas Orocline, Eastern Australia
Journal name Gondwana Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1342-937X
Publication date 2012-07-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 22
Issue 1
Start page 279
End page 289
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Texas Orocline, with a half wavelength of ~ 120 km, is the largest and most obvious orocline in the southern New England Orogen and is clearly recognised in geological maps and geophysical images. In the area of the orocline, there is a major unconformity between Devonian-Carboniferous metasedimentary rocks (Texas beds) and the overlying Early Permian rift-related basins. Detailed structural mapping shows that units both above and below the unconformity are folded around the orocline, indicating that at least part of the oroclinal deformation has occurred after the deposition of the Early Permian rocks. In addition, Early Permian (298-290 Ma) granitoids are aligned parallel to the oroclinal structure, further indicating that deformation partly occurred during or after the Early Permian. Pre-oroclinal isoclinal folds (F1) and related axial plane cleavage (S1) are well developed in the Texas beds and are curved around the oroclinal structure. Syn-oroclinal structures are characterised by minor kink folds and disharmonic folding (F2) in the core of the orocline. A later phase of kink folding corresponding to a ~ N-S shortening direction does not seem to be related to the orocline, and is interpreted as post-oroclinal deformation. A secondary penetrative fabric parallel to the axial plane of the orocline was not observed, indicating low contractional shortening across the orocline (< 30%). We demonstrate that the observed strain is too low to account for oroclinal bending during dextral transpression, as previously proposed. We suggest an alternative model involving an initial curved structure, probably related to subduction rollback or a pre-existing curvature in the palaeomargin of eastern Australia, which was amplified by dextral transpression and subsequent E-W contraction.
Keyword Texas Orocline
Eastern Australia
New England Orogen
Subduction rollback
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID DP0986762
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 1 October 2011.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2012 Collection
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 32 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 35 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 28 Feb 2012, 03:00:58 EST by Ashleigh Paroz on behalf of School of Earth Sciences