Examining potential risk factors for anxiety in early childhood

Pahl, Kristine M., Barrett, Paula M. and Gullo, Matthew J. (2012) Examining potential risk factors for anxiety in early childhood. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26 2: 311-320. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.12.013


Author Pahl, Kristine M.
Barrett, Paula M.
Gullo, Matthew J.
Title Examining potential risk factors for anxiety in early childhood
Journal name Journal of Anxiety Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0887-6185
1873-7897
Publication date 2012-03-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.12.013
Volume 26
Issue 2
Start page 311
End page 320
Total pages 10
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Abstract Anxiety disorders are amongst the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, with occurrence emerging early in the developmental trajectory. This study was one of the first to investigate potential risk factors for anxiety (i.e., behavioural inhibition, parental negative affect, parenting stress) in early childhood. Examination of risk factors was achieved through structural equation modelling and based on mothers’ and fathers’ report of 236 preschool aged children (4–6 years) in Brisbane, Australia. The structural model was found to fit the data well. All direct predictors of early childhood anxiety were significant and behavioural inhibition partially mediated parents’ negative affectivity and mother's parenting stress. Results highlight the unique contribution of both parents in the aetiology of early childhood anxiety and assist in informing the development of intervention and prevention programs for young children.
Keyword Anxiety
Behavioural inhibition
Prevention
Parental involvement
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 30 December 2011

 
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Created: Thu, 16 Feb 2012, 08:17:08 EST by Matthew Gullo on behalf of Centre for Youth Substance Abuse