Intra-national variation in trends in overweight and leisure time physical activities in The Netherlands since 1980: Stratification according to sex, age and urbanisation degree

Gast, G.-C. M., Frenken, F. J. M., van Leest, L. A. T. M., Wendel-Vos, G. C. W. and Bemelmans, W. J. E. (2007) Intra-national variation in trends in overweight and leisure time physical activities in The Netherlands since 1980: Stratification according to sex, age and urbanisation degree. International Journal of Obesity, 31 3: 515-520. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803429


Author Gast, G.-C. M.
Frenken, F. J. M.
van Leest, L. A. T. M.
Wendel-Vos, G. C. W.
Bemelmans, W. J. E.
Title Intra-national variation in trends in overweight and leisure time physical activities in The Netherlands since 1980: Stratification according to sex, age and urbanisation degree
Journal name International Journal of Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0307-0565
1476-5497
Publication date 2007-03-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803429
Volume 31
Issue 3
Start page 515
End page 520
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, Hamps, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To investigate time trends in overweight and Leisure Time Physical Activities (LTPA) in The Netherlands since 1980. Intra-national differences were examined stratified for sex, age and urbanisation degree.
Subjects and methods: We used a random sample of about 140 000 respondents aged 20-69 years from the Health Interview Survey (Nethhis) and subsequent Permanent Survey on Living Conditions (POLS). Self-reported data on weight and height and demographic characteristics were gathered through interviews (every year) and data on LTPA were collected by self-administered questionnaires (1990-1997, 2001-2004). Linear regression analysis was performed for trend analyses.
Results: During 1981-2004, mean body mass index (BMI) increased significantly by 1.0 kg/m2 (average per year=0.05 kg/m2). Trends were similar across sex and different degrees of urbanisation, but varied across age groups. In 20-to 39-year-old women, mean BMI increased by 1.7 kg/m2, which was more than in older age groups (P≤0.05). With respect to LTPA, no clear trend was observed during 1990-1997 and 2001-2004. The (absence of) trends were similar across sex and urbanisation degrees, but varied across age groups. During 2001-2004, 20-to 39-year-old women spent ≈150 min/week less on LTPA compared to older women, while this difference was smaller during 1990-1997.
Conclusions: Mean BMI increased more in younger women, which is consistent with the observation that this group spent less time on LTPA during recent years. Although the overall increase in overweight could not be explained by trends in LTPA, the younger women should be considered as a target group for future physical activity interventions. The influence of the 'obesogenic environment' seems to be similar across different degrees of urbanisation.
Keyword Trends
Body mass index
Overweight
Leisure time physical activities
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Fri, 13 Jan 2012, 00:15:50 EST by Gerrie-Cor Herber-Gast on behalf of School of Public Health